The sounds of human voices have echoed across the Manawatu for hundreds of years, creating a rich history in which people of many cultures have played a part.
Although it is not known when they first arrived, Maori were the first people to inhabit the region. Archaeological evidence indicates that a campsite near Foxton was occupied 600 to 700 years ago and that the inhabitants enjoyed a varied diet of fish and birds including the now extinct moa.
Tribal tradition suggests that the descendants of Whatonga (captain of the Kurahaupo canoe) and Turi (captain of the Aotea canoe) were among the earliest inhabitants of the Manawatu region. In time they were joined by newcomers from Hawke's Bay, Taupo and Waikato - descendants of people associated with the Takitimu, Arawa and Tainui canoes.
Some of these newcomers arrived with peaceful intentions and married into the local population. Others arrived as invaders creating conflict that overshadowed the region for many years. By 1840 when New Zealand had become a British colony, three tribal groups - Rangitane, Ngati Raukawa and Ngati Kauwhata - occupied the banks of the Manawatu River and its tributaries. These people retain their identity to this day, playing an active role in the social, political and economic development of the region.
Between 1840 and 1900, thousands of European settlers moved into the Manawatu region where they transformed forest and swamp into farms and towns.
While most settlers came from England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland there were smaller groups from Scandinavia, Germany, Poland, France, Italy, Switzerland, Greece and Lebanon.
European settlement began along the lower reaches of the Rangitikei and Manawatu Rivers during the 1840s and 1850s then moved inland. Palmerston North and Feilding began life as timber-milling towns during the 1870s but rapidly became farming centres as forests fell to axe and fire.
The port of Foxton was the gateway to the region during the early years of European settlement but it declined in importance as a network of railway lines spread across the landscape. By 1900, the Manawatu landscape was characterised by thousands of sheep and dairy farms and the exporting of large quantities of butter, cheese, wool and frozen meat to overseas markets. With the arrival of hydro-electric power in the 1920s and air transport in the 1930s (based at Palmerston North International Airport), the region embraced a new era of economic growth which continues to the present day.
During the past 50 years, the Manawatu region's economy has diversified dramatically. While sheep and cattle farming continues to dominate, deer, goat and ostrich farming are becoming increasingly popular. Cropping, horticulture, poultry farming and forestry continue to provide valuable revenue and in recent years, cottage industries have sprung up to satisfy demand for the more exotic produce. When Manawatu celebrated the new millennium, many noted just how much the region had changed in recent years, particularly in terms of its ethnic make-up. People from Holland, Russia, Turkey, Iran, India, Pakistan, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, China, Japan, the Pacific Islands and many other countries continue to settle here, creating a multi-cultural society of which Manawatu residents can feel proud.
Manawatu District Today
Manawatu District has one unique feature - its central location and its position as the gateway to four other regions: Hawkes Bay, Wairarapa, Rangitikei and Horowhenua. Two hours from Napier, Wellington and Mount Ruapehu, one hour from Masterton and three hours from New Plymouth, Manawatu residents have easy access to provinces offering some of the best beaches, vineyards and adventure playgrounds this country has to offer. More importantly though, Manawatu's central location gives the region huge economic advantages. With easy access to four seaports, seven airports, major Defence Force bases, it is a highly strategic cargo, transport and business hub for the lower North Island and the country.
While many Manawatu District residents (population 28,600) work in nearby Palmerston North, high numbers of Palmerston North residents drive in the opposite direction to work in Feilding. Manawatu's highly fertile soil has long been one of the single biggest contributors to the region's economy and in recent years processing and support industries for the agricultural sector have "mushroomed". To a large extent this is thanks to the ongoing effort of the region's business leaders to form alliances with the agricultural, industrial, research and technology sectors.
Roll of Members from 1 November 1989
MDC Roll of Members Register with former LAs from 1 November 1989()